Guidance for Submitting and Presenting Bridges Papers

If you have not given a paper at this type of conference before, the following guidance may help. Contact the organisers if you want more information.

It is important to remember that this conference is about making connections between art and mathematics. It is not purely a mathematics conference, or an art conference. Note that by 'art', we mean all areas of artistic work: visual art, architecture, music, literature, poetry, textile art, etc. And by 'mathematics', we mean pure and applied mathematics, also including related areas of science and engineering.

Sample papers

The following papers have been given at previous conferences and provide examples of both type and level of content.

Many papers in recent years have been republished on the web on the Vismath site: As well as giving you a idea of the content of papers, this site also shows the breadth of topics that are covered and the right level of graphic illustration to provide in a paper.

Chris Palmer’s work on Spiral Tilings with C-Curves:

Craig Kaplan’s Bridges 2000 paper on Islamic art: (and other papers by Craig:

George Hart’s Bridges 2005 paper on sculpture with linked polygons, Orderly Tangles:

Godfried T. Toussaint’s BRIDGES 2002 paper A mathematical analysis of African, Brazilian, and Cuban clave rhythms:

Paul Gailiunas' paper Meanders is an example of a paper which develops mathematical concepts and then discusses artists' work and how they relate to the mathematical forms: Meanders-Paul_Gailiunas-Bridges2005.pdf

Getting the balance between the paper and the talk

You should think of the paper as a permanent record, plus more technical details and references to follow up. The talk should be more informal and show plenty of examples.

If you want to give a talk but not write a long paper

You can submit a short paper, length two pages, which outlines your ideas. However, remember that anyone interestged in your talk will not have much detail to refer back to, so please include at least an email address and preferably a website where people can find out more about your ideas.

If you are exhibiting artwork and want to talk about your work informally

Please mention this in your artwork submission. We are planning to have at least one session where artists can sit with their work and discuss it with other participants, and possibly other events.

When writing your paper and preparing your talk

Remember that the conference is about bridges between art and mathematics. You should aim to build those bridges in both your talk and the written paper.

Abstract of the Paper

In the abstract of your paper, you should include at least one sentence which describes the connections between art and mathematics. For example an artist might refer to the area(s) of mathematics on which work is based. If you are coming from a mathematical viewpoint, you should make clear what is the artistic association: for example, you might describe how it can be used artistically, and the work of artist(s) which illustrates what you are talking about; or the mathematics behind a piece of architecture (built or unbuit - with illustrations); or the analysis of a piece of music or musical system.

We plan to put paper abstracts on the web prior to the conference.

The Paper

The paper should cover what you intend to talk about, but will possibly have more technical detail. The paper should describe, in detail, the art/mathematics connections. A paper by an artist may be highly visual, with just a few paragraphs of text, if there are many interesting images of original artwork that clearly convey a mathematical sensibility that speaks for itself.

Papers published in the proceedings must follow the specified format and guidelines for the preparation of the manuscript. We suggest that you download the Word document and use it as a template for writing your paper. If you have trouble downloading the Word file, please email the organizers and we will send it to you as an attachment.

Special requirements for BTTB Workshop papers

Papers for BTTB workshops must have an educational goal or objective. Please state it clearly in the paper.

The Review and Revision Process

The paper you submit should be complete in a form which you consider ready for publication, and not just a sketch or an idea. After you submit your paper, it will be sent to experts for review, and if it is not complete, the reviewers will not have enough information to accept it. If it is accepted, you should revise the paper according to the reviewer's comments. Do not at that point write a totally different paper.

Your Presentation

You should think about the following when giving your presentation:

We hope that you will decide to make a submission to the conference and that you will thoroughly enjoy participating in it!